12 April Expanding further into hydrogen April 12, 2023 By AMPLA Admin Environment, General, Resources and Energy Energy Transition, Green Hydrogen 0 Green hydrogen production continues to grow at a rapid pace, with over 109 kilo tonnes per annum produced globally in 2022, representing a 44% growth compared to 2021. Countries including US, Denmark, Canada and Egypt, have announced over 111.9 million tonnes per annum capacity in 2022 alone. Green hydrogen production continues to grow at a rapid pace, with over 109 kilo tonnes per annum produced globally in 2022, representing a 44% growth compared to 2021. Countries including US, Denmark, Canada and Egypt, have announced over 111.9 million tonnes per annum capacity in 2022 alone. While hydrogen is clearly an expanding part of the sector, some aspects of it are still nascent. New research indicates that the hydrogen vehicle market is still in its infancy. Passenger vehicles make up over 90% of the hydrogen vehicle market, the market’s development requires further progression in government incentives, refuelling infrastructure and price control. The potential for hydrogen commercial vehicles is expected to dwarf the passenger vehicle market over time. Currently the hydrogen commercial vehicle market is dominated by China thanks to generous government support. It’s estimated that over 20,000 hydrogen forklifts will be shipped from China by 2030, double that of the US. The possible uses of hydrogen as a renewable power source also continue to expand with a new discovery by Australian scientists that converts air into electricity. This leverages an isolated enzyme from soil bacteria that then uses hydrogen in the air to turn it into a natural battery that could power small devices. There is some debate over how practical this discovery is due to the minute amounts of hydrogen in air. No doubt more research will be undertaken to determine how this could be potentially commercialised. Producing green hydrogen (currently just 1% of all hydrogen production) requires freshwater, making it expensive and challenging to produce en masse. To address this researchers at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology are looking at how seawater may be able to be used in green hydrogen production in a cost-effective way. They are developing a special catalyst that can be used with seawater to create green hydrogen that requires little energy and can potentially be produced at scale. Governments are also looking at how to facilitate expanded production and development of hydrogen. The Queensland Government has been reviewing legislation required to support the regulation of renewable hydrogen in a bid to grow the industry. This includes draft legislation regarding the transportation of hydrogen via pipelines with the draft Gas Supply and Other Legislation (Hydrogen Industry Development) Amendment Bill 2023. The bill is currently open to consultation with submissions open until Friday 3 April. The legislation seeks to introduce a process to grant licences to develop pipelines to transport hydrogen, bio methane and other renewable gases. This will address gaps in the current legislative framework, including: Amending the definition of “covered gas” in the Gas Supply Act 2003 to include hydrogen and other gases. This will mean distribution authority applications can be made to transport these gases; and Amending the Petroleum and Gas (Production and Safety Act) 2004 as it currently only covers hydrogen where it is to be used as a fuel gas. The proposed changes will make it clear that licensing and approval laws for transmission pipelines carrying hydrogen will apply to “regulated hydrogen”. “Regulated hydrogen” includes hydrogen blends and other gases similar to hydrogen like methanol and ammonia. This will enable licensing for hydrogen pipeline so developers can make one application that considers the cultural heritage of the proposed area rather than requiring them to obtain the approval of landholders and native title holders separately. In addition the Queensland Government is undertaking a review of all regulations related to components of the hydrogen value chain this year. With the additional focus and investment on growing the hydrogen industry it’s expected that more developments and legislative reform is likely. Related Articles Why hydrogen is becoming an important energy source Hydrogen as an energy source continues to grow in popularity. Once confined to industrial processes such as refining crude oil, it is now being recognised as a potential solution to the problems of electricity generation, transportation and storage. Over the next thirty years, global energy demand is predicted to grow by at least 30-40%. At the same time, the share of energy generated from fossil fuels has stayed almost static at 81%. While renewable energy technologies such as solar and wind are getting cheaper, they can only be generated on an intermittent basis. To make them commercially practical to use, they must be combined with high-energy batteries and backed with other energy sources. New developments in the hydrogen industry We can expect significant legislative reform for the hydrogen industry in the near future. This follows a review of all Australian laws (both Federal and State) in 2019 that found there were approximately 730 pieces of legislation and 119 standards related to the industry and recent developments that are seeking to develop the industry further. Submission - DISER Consultation Paper December 2020 ‘Enhancing Australia’s decommissioning framework for offshore oil and gas activities’ Key industry updates in Asia In recent months several countries in Asia have announced regulatory changes to support their transition to renewable energy. The low emissions technology investment roadmap On 22 September, the Minister for Energy and Emissions Reduction released the first Low Emissions Technology Statement (the Technology Statement). The document clearly shows the Government is moving away from subsidising wind and solar as the technology matures, and looks to support new and emerging technologies that will lower emissions in Australia. According to the Minister, the Technology Statement also focuses on reducing cost and creating jobs. Moving towards decarbonisation Australia is on a path towards achieving a net zero economy by 2050. The Government’s focus is on supporting traditional industries whilst helping to reduce costs and commercialise low emissions technology. Showing 0 Comment Comments are closed.